Over the years, I have had the opportunity to work directly with a number of leaders.
I define these as people who lead their own teams and organisations.
What makes some of them good leaders?
My answer is personal and subjective. Note the “some of them” reference.
Being good at your profession does not necessarily equate to good leadership, although there is some correlation, particularly in an era when work is often a team sport requiring multiple types of expertise that needs to be led.
Likewise, good leadership does not necessarily need to reflect good management skills. You can have thought leaders, but those leaders need to be able to delegate management tasks.
In broad terms, I would classify leaders of 2 types, enabling and autocratic.
Surprisingly, both can be successful within the the organisations they lead, but autocrats make it a much less pleasant working environment for those who do the work of the organisation.
What follows are the rules for being an enabling leader who believes what is best for the individual is best for the organisation.
In this article:
Lead by example
You cannot expect of others what you would not expect of yourself.
If you expect others to work long hours, you need to work longer.
If you expect others to meet deadlines, you need to meet them yourself, and so on.
Leading by example leads to being respected for what you do on behalf of the organization.
Being respected is a must for good leadership and it is not given, but earned over time.
A great organization is facilitated by a good leader, but not solely the result of one. Recognize that and be humble.
If you are building a great organization, there needs to be people who are smarter than you and better at doing certain things than you are. You can’t be the best at everything.
Recognize this while rewarding and celebrating others for the skills they bring to the organization. Your team will respect you for it.
Give credit whenever possible and take little for yourself. Say “we” instead of “I” as often as possible. Credit will come to you anyway if you are humble and leading an organization well.
Be inclusive, equitable and personal
We all like to be called out or otherwise recognized. You do, I do, so why wouldn’t others?
When calling people out, it’s important to accurately recognize their contributions and be sure to include all who contributed.
However, don’t be frivolous with such praise, which will dilute its value.
Inclusion starts with recognizing the individual and that begins with their name.
I have seen great leaders be introduced to 20 people around the room and remember their names without writing them down.
Some of us don’t have that ability, but addressing them by their name, even if you need to write it down and then look it up, speaks to the value of an individual.
Beyond names, it’s knowing people for who they are, not just for what they do for the organization. The personal/human touch is very important.
As far as possible, get to know all you lead as colleagues with personalities, families, and interesting backgrounds. Be unbiased. Treat all team members equally in all aspects of operating the organization. Lead by consensus and shared governance
Autocrats tend to lead by fiat leaving others to feel worthless or, at best, not fully appreciated.
Enabling leaders seek opinions from a broad swath of people within the organization and act by consensus, or at the very least, explain in an open and transparent way why they are making a decision that goes against the consensus.
A renowned leader I know would be sure they had the views of all the interviewees when they met with the job candidate at the end of the day. That input would immediately figure into the calculation of whether to hire this person.
People define an organization. Good leaders care for their people.
It follows that the best organizations attract the best people—the word gets around—and can retain the best people.
Caring means being compassionate, listening to those who look to you for leadership, and being empathic regarding family situations and other disruptions.
The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) has amplified the importance of this approach.
Caring pays off not just for the organization, but for the leader.
Those in the organization will look to you to lead. Your vision will go a long way in defining the organization.
If done right, it will appear as a collective vision. Everyone in the organization will feel that they are part of creating the vision.
In a way, your job is to seed the vision and enable others to refine, nurture, and promote the vision as their own.
Strategic plans have a role to play here. They offer a roadmap for all to follow. You will be successful when others speak of your vision as their own and you are proud of them doing so.
Adoption is the highest compliment.
Some leadership decisions are hard. There is not always a clear decision, and people and the organization will be impacted.
An element of risk-taking is then necessary.
Decisions should not be made based on how people in the organization will react to them, but on what you believe is right for the organization.
What is worse is to not make a decision and leave the organization in an indecisive state. Good leaders will make less than optimal decisions on occasion.
The important thing to remember is to be transparent with all stakeholders, explaining why decisions were made and to work together toward a successful outcome.
It is also important to acknowledge when you make a wrong decision and correct the mistake in a timely way in consultation with your team members.
Get the right people on board and let them define the route
This is arguably the most important rule and implies you should pay close attention to who you hire.
As I mentioned above, people define the organization. Hiring the right people for your organization is everything.
In small organizations, one person who is a bad fit can upset the entire organization. Science thrives on innovation and so do organizations.
Give your team members room to innovate. Don’t be over prescriptive as this will hobble smart people.
Also, be adaptive yourself. The directions you take may not be what you originally planned.
The smartest people with the best credentials may not be the best hires if they don’t have the personality or hunger to help the organization thrive. This is a fine balance in a scientific organization where the work of individuals is important. It may take mistakes to get it right.
As stated, the right people will be smarter than you are. The autocratic leader will find it hard to hire such people, which leads to suboptimal organizations where the best and brightest have been turned away.
A great leader I worked for did not give me the position I wanted and I moved on. However, I respected them for that decision, even initially, because they obeyed all the rules here.
Over time observing the person that did get the job, I realized I would not have been the best fit, which would have left me and the organization not performing at our best.
You can’t do everything yourself. As an organization grows, this becomes more and more apparent.
You need to surround yourself with a manageable number of direct reports that you fully trust to do the work of the organization. This applies even at the level of a small individual lab when it grows and the more senior, experienced members take on a leadership role.
In a larger organization, such as a university or funding agency, the dean will have a small number of associate deans as direct reports, and the director will have a small number of deputy directors, respectively.
In highly functional organizations, these deputies are trusted and respected by the leader and have different skill sets, which, when taken together, enrich the whole enterprise.
Enjoy the experience, know when to stop
Contentment with the role you play in the organization is contagious. If you are not inspired by what you are doing, how can others be?
If you are not enjoying being a leader, either you are not cut out for the job or you are not leading the right kind of organization. You need to ask yourselves these difficult questions.
There may also be a temporal nature to your happiness. Leading a small organization is different from building a small organization into a large one and leading that. Know when to come and when to leave.
Conclusion: Rules for good leadership
There you have it. It is never too early to start thinking about leadership.
There are endless books, videos, and courses on leadership. They may offer you better advice on being a leader. The most influential book I have read was “From Good to Great” by Jim Collins.
Let me reiterate, that for me, most of what I have learnt about leadership and embodied in these rules was gained by observing leaders who I came to respect for what they have done for organizations.
I like to think that these rules have served me well in my own quest to be a good leader.